Poincaré and Duhem: Resonances in their First Epistemological Reflections

Transversal International Journal for the Historiography of Science

Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627 Pampulha
Belo Horizonte / MG
Site: http://www.historiographyofscience.org
Telefone: (31) 3409-3808
ISSN: 2526-2270
Editor Chefe: Mauro Lúcio Leitão Condé
Início Publicação: 30/11/2016
Periodicidade: Semestral
Área de Estudo: História

Poincaré and Duhem: Resonances in their First Epistemological Reflections

Ano: 2017 | Volume: 0 | Número: 2
Autores: João Príncipe
Autor Correspondente: João Príncipe | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: Poincaré, Duhem, Epistemology of physics, Instrumentalism

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

The object of this article is to show a certain proximity of Duhem to Poincaré in his first philosophical reflections. I study the relationships between the scientific practices of the two scholars, the contemporary theoretical context and their reflections. The first part of the article concerns the changes in epistemological consensus at the turn of the century. The second part will be devoted to Poincaré's reflections on the status of physical geometries and physical theories, as they appear in his texts written around 1890. Then I analyze the first reflections of Pierre Duhem on physical theory, in particular his thesis of the hypothetical/symbolic character of physical theories and his criteria for selecting good theories, partly associated with his ideal of physical theory; the whole set of considerations, highlighting the Poincarean inspiration.