Pierre Duhem’s use of the return to the sources as a justification tool

Transversal International Journal for the Historiography of Science

Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627 Pampulha
Belo Horizonte / MG
Site: http://www.historiographyofscience.org
Telefone: (31) 3409-3808
ISSN: 2526-2270
Editor Chefe: Mauro Lúcio Leitão Condé
Início Publicação: 30/11/2016
Periodicidade: Semestral
Área de Estudo: História

Pierre Duhem’s use of the return to the sources as a justification tool

Ano: 2017 | Volume: 0 | Número: 3
Autores: Benjamin Le Roux, Marcin Krasnodębski
Autor Correspondente: B. Le Roux | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: Pierre Duhem; Scientometrics; History of Statics; Methodology in History of Science; Justification

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

Les origines de la statique, published in 1905 by physicist and historian of physical theories Pierre Duhem, offers not only a radically new interpretation of the history of statics but also represents a milestone in the methodology of history of science thanks to a particular form of historical reasoning as deployed by the author to justify his hypotheses. This article uses a quantitative analysis of the references contained in the book’s footnotes in order to study the way Duhem validated his assertions. We highlight in particular his relentless will to return to the original texts. This method is one of the reasons why Duhem’s book (and more generally the Duhemian methodology) had such a lasting impact on French epistemology.