Non-medical use of methylphenidate by medical students: prevalence and motivations. Integrative review

Revista Ciências em Saúde

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ISSN: 2236-3785
Editor Chefe: Melissa Andreia de Moraes Silva
Início Publicação: 01/01/2011
Periodicidade: Trimestral
Área de Estudo: Ciências da Saúde, Área de Estudo: Educação física, Área de Estudo: Enfermagem, Área de Estudo: Farmácia, Área de Estudo: Fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional, Área de Estudo: Fonoaudiologia, Área de Estudo: Medicina, Área de Estudo: Nutrição, Área de Estudo: Odontologia, Área de Estudo: Saúde coletiva

Non-medical use of methylphenidate by medical students: prevalence and motivations. Integrative review

Ano: 2021 | Volume: 11 | Número: 2
Autores: Batista da Costa L, Sousa JO de, Silva SVB de F, Almeida VD de, Fernandes TAA de M
Autor Correspondente: Sousa JO de | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: methylphenidate, medical students, non-prescription drug misuse

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

Objective: This study performed a literature review evaluating aspects of prevalence and motivations on the non-medical use of methylphenidate by medical students. Methods: We searched the Scopus, PubMed, SciELO, and Web of Science databases and the Google Scholar search tool using the keywords "Methylphenidate" and "Medical Student" and their correlates in Portuguese. A total of 472 articles were recovered, of which 24 were included for full reading and discussion after the application of the pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: It was observed that the prevalence of non-prescribed use of methylphenidate ranged from 0.51% in Lithuania to 35% in Colombia. The main motivations reported for using the drug were academic outcomes improvement and increase in concentration during studies, although research shows no significant improvement in academic performance with the use of medication by healthy individuals. Conclusion: The non-prescribed use of methylphenidate presents a high and worrying frequency. Also, scientific studies questioning the use of psychostimulant medications for cognitive improvement by healthy students make the practice illegal and unfounded.