Flora and Annual Distribution of Flowers and Fruits in the Ubajara National Park, Ceará, Brazil

Floresta e Ambiente

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ISSN: 2179-8087
Editor Chefe: João Vicente de Figueiredo Latorraca
Início Publicação: 31/12/1993
Periodicidade: Trimestral

Flora and Annual Distribution of Flowers and Fruits in the Ubajara National Park, Ceará, Brazil

Ano: 2020 | Volume: 27 | Número: 2
Autores: Silveira, Andréa Pereira; Menezes, Bruno Sousa de; Loiola, Maria Iracema Bezerra; Lima-Verde, Luiz Wilson; Zanina, Dalva Neta e; Carvalho, Ellen Cristina Dantas de; Souza, Bruno Cruz de; Costa, Rafael Carvalho da; Mantovani, Waldir; Menezes, Marcelo Oliveira Teles de; Flores, Lilian Maria Araújo; Nogueira, Francisco Carlos Barboza; Matias, Ligia Queiroz; Barbosa, Lívia Silvia; Gomes, Fernanda Melo; Cordeiro, Luciana Silva; Sampaio, Valéria da Silva; Batista, Maria Edenilce Peixoto; Soares Neto, Raimundo Luciano; Silva, Maria Arlene Pessoa da; Campos, Natália Barbosa; Oliveira, Arycelle Alves de; Araujo, Francisca Soares de
Autor Correspondente: Andréa Pereira Silveira | [email protected]

Palavras-chave: biodiversity; mountain forest; protected areas; evergreen forest; deciduous forest

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

Although the conservation of tropical biodiversity depends on protected areas, there is still a very large ‘gap’ of knowledge on the flora of Brazilian reserves, especially in the Northeast region of Brazil. Field and herbarium surveys of the phanerogamic flora of the Ubajara National Park, located on the Brazilian Northeast, were made and analyses on phenology and dispersal syndromes were performed. 418 taxa (213 trees and shrubs, 100 terrestrial herbs, 68 climbing plants, 33 sub-shrubs, two epiphytes, one hemiparasite and one aquatic herb) were recorded. The most representative families were: Fabaceae, Malvaceae, Asteraceae, Rubiaceae and Euphorbiaceae. The annual flowering / fruiting peak hypothesis was not fully confirmed, therefore, the forest may be an important food resource for the fauna all year long (especially in the moister region). Zoochory was the predominant dispersal syndrome in the moister area, whereas, autochory and anemochory together, predominated in the drier area.