Anaerobic digestion and the denitrification in UASB reactor

Journal Of Urban And Environmental Engineering

João Pessoa / PB
Telefone: (83)3216-7684
ISSN: 1982-3932
Editor Chefe: Celso Augusto Guimarães Santos
Início Publicação: 31/12/2006
Periodicidade: Semestral
Área de Estudo: Engenharia civil

Anaerobic digestion and the denitrification in UASB reactor

Ano: 2008 | Volume: 2 | Número: 2
Autores: José Tavares de Sousa, Keliana Dantas Santos, Israel Nunes Henrique, Danielle Patrício Brasil, Eclésio Cavalcante Santos
Autor Correspondente: José Tavares de Sousa | [email protected]

Resumos Cadastrados

Resumo Inglês:

The environmental conditions in Brazil have been contributing to the development of anaerobic systems in the treatment of wastewaters, especially UASB – Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket reactors. The classic biological process for removal of nutrients uses three reactors - Bardenpho System, therefore, this work intends an alternative system, where the anaerobic digestion and the denitrification happen in the same reactor reducing the number of reactors for two. The experimental system was constituted by two units: first one was a nitrification reactor with 35 L volume and 15 d of sludge age. This system was fed with raw sanitary waste. Second unit was an UASB, with 7.8 L and 6 h of hydraulic detention time, fed with ¾ of effluent nitrification reactor and ¼ of raw sanitary waste. This work had as objective to evaluate the performance of the UASB reactor. In terms of removal efficiency, of bath COD and nitrogen, it was verified that the anaerobic digestion process was not affected. The removal efficiency of organic material expressed in COD was 71%, performance already expected for a reactor of this type. It was also observed that the denitrification process happened; the removal nitrate efficiency was 90%. Therefore, the denitrification process in reactor UASB is viable.